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Abu simble temple

Abu Simbel Temple is a remarkable ancient monument located in southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. This magnificent temple complex is one of the most famous and impressive examples of ancient Egyptian architecture and is a popular destination for tourists from around the world.

The temple was built in the 13th century BC during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II as a lasting tribute to himself and his queen, Nefertari. It is believed that the temple was built to commemorate Ramesses II's victory at the Battle of Kadesh. The temple complex consists of two main temples, the Great Temple of Ramesses II and the smaller Temple of Nefertari, as well as several smaller structures.

One of the most unique features of the Abu Simbel Temple is its massive statues of Pharaoh Ramesses II. The Great Temple features four colossal statues of the pharaoh, each standing over 20 meters tall and carved from a single piece of rock. The statues depict Ramesses II seated on a throne, wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt and holding a scepter in one hand and a flail in the other. The temple also features intricate carvings and hieroglyphics that depict scenes from the life of Ramesses II and the gods of ancient Egypt.

Another popular feature of Abu Simbel Temple is the solar alignment that occurs twice a year on the anniversary of Ramesses II's coronation and birthday. On these days, the sun shines directly into the inner sanctum of the temple, illuminating the statues of Ramesses II and the gods. This phenomenon has been observed for thousands of years and is a testament to the incredible skill of the ancient Egyptian architects and engineers who designed the temple.

The temple was rediscovered in 1813 by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, who observed the top of the temples from a distance. The temple was later fully excavated in the 19th century, revealing the impressive statues and carvings that continue to captivate visitors today.

The relocation of Abu Simbel Temple is also an incredible engineering feat. In the 1960s, the temple was moved to higher ground to avoid being submerged by the rising waters of Lake Nasser, which was created by the construction of the Aswan High Dam. This massive undertaking involved cutting the temple into pieces and moving it to a new location, where it was reassembled. The relocation of Abu Simbel Temple was a major international effort, with countries from around the world contributing funds and expertise to ensure the preservation of this important piece of human history.

Today, Abu Simbel Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Egypt. Visitors can explore the temple complex and marvel at the impressive statues and carvings, as well as learn about the history and significance of the temple from knowledgeable guides. The temple is a must-see attraction for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian history and culture.

1 Elmatar street, aswan,egypt
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